Bibliography

BIBLIOGRAPHY/REFERENCES

This list is updated regularly (last update: Nov 25th, 2022)

Summary:
1. General articles on the Nutri-Score
2. Prospective association of the Nutri-Score with health outcomes
3. Ability of the Nutri-Score to classify foods adequately and consistency with dietary recommendations
4. Association of the Nutri-Score with food consumption, nutrient intake and biomarkers of nutritional status at individual level
5. Studies on Nutri-Score perception, understanding and impact on declared food choices
6. Impact of Nutri-Score on food purchases, nutritional quality of purchases and food consumption

7. Nutri-Score and ultra-processing
8. Studies on lobbying against Nutri-Score
9. Other scientific articles concerning Nutri-Score
10. Narrative reviews and opinion papers
11. Official reports on Nutri-Score

1. General articles on the Nutri-Score

-  The Nutri-Score nutrition label : a public health tool based on rigorous scientific evidence aiming to improve the nutritional status of the population
Hercberg S, Touvier M, Salas-Salvado J, on Behalf of the Group of European Scientists Supporting the Implementation of Nutri-Score in Europe.http://General-articles
Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2021 Jul 27. doi : 10.1024/0300-9831/a000722

- International evidence for the effectiveness of the front-of-package nutrition label called Nutri-Score
Valentina A. Andreeva, Manon Egnell, Mathilde Touvier, Pilar Galan, Chantal Julia, Serge Hercberg
Cent Eur J Public Health 2021, 29(1):76-79

- Nutri-Score : the results 3 years after its official adoption In France (en français)
Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Mathilde Touvier, Mélanie Deschasaux, Bernard Srour, Morgane Fialon, Chantal Julia
Rev Prat 2021 Feb ;71(2):151-154

- Development of a new front-of-pack nutrition label in France : the five-colour Nutri-Score
Julia C et Hercberg S
Public Health Panorama, 2017, 3, no 4: 712 25.

- Nutri-Score : Effectiveness of the Nutrition Label introduced in France
Julia C et Hercberg S
Ernhahrung Umschau, 2017, 64, no 12 : M685 91.

2. Prospective association of the Nutri-Score with health outcomes

- Respective contribution of ultra-processing and nutritional quality of foods to the overall diet quality: results from the NutriNet-Santé study.
Julia C, Baudry J, Fialon M, Hercberg S, Galan P, Srour B, Andreeva VA, Touvier M, Kesse-Guyot E.
Eur J Nutr. 2022 Aug 4. doi: 10.1007/s00394-022-02970-4.

Joint association of food nutritional profile by Nutri-Score front-of-pack label and ultra-processed food intake with mortality: Moli-sani prospective cohort study
Bonaccio M, Di Castelnuovo A, Ruggiero E et al. on behalf of the Moli-sani Study Investigators
BMJ 2022; 378 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj-2022-070688

Mortality prediction of the nutrient profile of the Chilean front-of-pack warning labels: Results from the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra prospective cohort study.

- Food consumption based on the nutrient profile system underlying the Nutri-Score and renal function in older adults.
Montero-Salazar H, Guallar-Castillón P, Banegas JR, Åkesson A, Rey-García J, Rodríguez-Artalejo F, Donat-Vargas C.
Clin Nutr. 2022 Jul;41(7):1541-1548.

Associations between the Nutrient Profiling System Underlying the Nutri-Score Nutrition Label and Biomarkers of Chronic Low-Grade Inflammation: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of a Middle- to Older-Aged Population.
Millar SR, Navarro P, Harrington JM, Perry IJ, Phillips CM.
Nutrients. 2022 Jul 29;14(15):3122.

- Associations Between the Modified Food Standard Agency Nutrient Profiling System Dietary Index and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in an Elderly Population
Khoury N, Gómez-Donoso C, Martínez MA, Martínez-González MA, Corella D, Fitó M, Martínez JA, Alonso-Gómez AM, Wärnberg J, Vioque J, Romaguera D, León-Acuña A, Tinahones FJ, Santos-Lozano JM, Serra-Majem L, Massó Guijarro P, Tur JA, Martín Sánchez V, Pintó X, Delgado-Rodríguez M, Matía-Martín P, Vidal J, Vázquez C, Daimiel L, Ros E, Bes-Rastrollo M, Barragan R, Castañer O, Torres-Peña JD, Notario-Barandiaran L, Muñoz-Bravo C, Abete I, Prohens L, Cano-Ibáñez N, Tojal Sierra L, Fernández-García JC, Sayon-Orea C, Pascual M, Sorli JV, Zomeño D, Peña-Orihuela PJ, Signes-Pastor AJ, Basterra-Gortari FJ, Schröeder H, Jordi Salas Salvadó J and Babio N
Front. Nutr., 14 July 2022
Conflict of interests; JSS served on the board of the International Nut and Dried Fruit Council and received grant support through this institution. He also served in the Executive Committee of the Instituto Danone, Spain, and on the Scientific Committee of the Danone International Institute. He received research support from the Patrimonio Comunal Olivarero, Spain, and Borges S.A., Spain. He received consulting fees or travel expenses from Eroski Foundation, the Instituto Danone, Spain, Mundipharma and Abbot Laboratories. ER reports grants, personal fees, non-financial support, and others from California Walnut Commission and Alexion, personal fees, non-financial support, and others from Ferrer International and Danone, and personal fees from Amarin, other than the submitted study.

- Association between the nutrient profile system underpinning the Nutri-Score front-of-pack nutrition label and mortality in the SUN Project : a prospective cohort study
Clara Gómez-Donoso, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Aurora Pérez-Cornago, Carmen Sayón-Orea, J. Alfredo Martínez, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
Clin Nutr. 2021 Mar;40(3):1085-1094.

- Association between nutritional profiles of foods underlying Nutri-Score front-of-pack labels and mortality : EPIC cohort study in 10 European countries
Deschasaux M, Huybrechts I, Julia C, Hercberg S, Egnell M, Srour B, Kesse-Guyot E, Latino-Martel P, Biessy C, Casagrande C, Murphy N, Jenab M, Ward HA, Weiderpass E, Overvad K, Tjønneland A, Rostgaard-Hansen AL, Boutron-Ruault MC, Mancini FR, Mahamat-Saleh Y, Kühn T, Katzke V, Bergmann MM, Schulze MB, Trichopoulou A, Karakatsani A, Peppa E, Masala G, Agnoli C, De Magistris MS, Tumino R, Sacerdote C, Boer JM, Verschuren WM, van der Schouw YT, Skeie G, Braaten T, Redondo ML, Agudo A, Petrova D, Colorado-Yohar SM, Barricarte A, Amiano P, Sonestedt E, Ericson U, Otten J, Sundström B, Wareham NJ, Forouhi NG, Vineis P, Tsilidis KK, Knuppel A, Papier K, Ferrari P, Riboli E, Gunter MJ, Touvier M.
BMJ. 2020 Sep 16;370:m3173. doi: 10.1136/bmj.m3173. PMID: 32938660; PMCID: PMC7491938

- Association between the nutrient profile system underpinning the Nutri-Score front-of-pack nutrition label and mortality in the SUN Project : a prospective cohort study
Clara Gómez-Donoso, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Aurora Pérez-Cornago, Carmen Sayón-Orea, J. Alfredo Martínez, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
Clin Nutr. 2021 Mar;40(3):1085-1094.

- Five-color Nutri-Score labeling and mortality risk in a nationwide, population-based cohort in Spain : the Study on Nutrition and Cardiovascular Risk in Spain (ENRICA)
Donat-Vargas C, Sandoval-Insausti H, Rey-García J, Ramón Banegas J, Rodríguez-Artalejo F, Guallar-Castillón P.
Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 May 8;113(5):1301-1311

- Prospective associations of the original Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system and three variants with weight gain, overweight and obesity risk : results from the French NutriNet-Santé cohort
Egnell M, Seconda L, Neal B, Mhurchu CN, Rayner M, Jones A, et al.
British Journal of Nutrition, septembre 2020

- Association of the Dietary Index Underpinning the Nutri-Score Label with Oral Health : Preliminary Evidence from a Large, Population-Based Sample
Andreeva VA, Egnell M, Galan P, Feron G, Hercberg S, Julia C.
Nutrients. 2019 Aug 23 ;11(9)

- Modelling the impact of different front-of-package nutrition labels on mortality from non-communicable chronic disease
Egnell M, Crosetto P, d’Almeida T, Kesse-Guyot E, Touvier M, Ruffieux B, et al.
Int. J. Behav. Nutr. Phys. Act. 2019, 16, 56.

- Nutritional quality of food as represented by the FSAm-NPS nutrient profiling system underlying the Nutri-Score label and cancer risk in Europe : Results from the EPIC prospective cohort study.
Deschasaux M, Huybrechts I, Murphy N, Julia C, Hercberg S, Srour B, Kesse-Guyot E, Latino-Martel P, Biessy C, Casagrande C, Jenab M, Ward H, Weiderpass E, Dahm CC, Overvad K, Kyrø C, Olsen A, Affret A, Boutron-Ruault MC, Mahamat-Saleh Y, Kaaks R, Kühn T, Boeing H, Schwingshackl L, Bamia C, Peppa E, Trichopoulou A, Masala G, Krogh V, Panico S, Tumino R, Sacerdote C, Bueno-de-Mesquita B, Peeters PH, Hjartåker A, Rylander C, Skeie G, Ramón Quirós J, Jakszyn P, Salamanca-Fernández E, Huerta JM, Ardanaz E, Amiano P, Ericson U, Sonestedt E, Huseinovic E, Johansson I, Khaw KT, Wareham N, Bradbury KE, Perez-Cornago A, Tsilidis KK, Ferrari P, Riboli E, Gunter MJ, Touvier M.
PLoS medicine 15, no 9, 2018 : e1002651.

- Associations between dietary scores with asthma symptoms and asthma control in adults.
Andrianasolo RM, Kesse-Guyot E, Adjibade M, Hercberg S, Galan P, Varraso R.
Eur Respir J. juill 2018 ;52(1):1702572

- Are self-reported unhealthy food choices associated with an increased risk of breast cancer ? Prospective cohort study using the British Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system
Deschasaux M, Julia C, Kesse-Guyot E, Lécuyer L, Adriouch S, Méjean C, et al.
BMJ open 7, no 6, 2017 : e013718.

Association between a dietary quality index based on the food standard agency nutrient profiling system and cardiovascular disease risk among French adults
Adriouch S, Julia C, Kesse-Guyot E, Ducrot P, Péneau S, Méjean C, et al.
International journal of cardiology, 2017, 234: 22 27.

- Prospective association between a dietary quality index based on a nutrient profiling system and cardiovascular disease risk
Adriouch S, Julia C, Kesse-Guyot E, Méjean C, Ducrot P, Péneau S, et al.
European journal of preventive cardiology 23, no 15 (2016) : 1669-76.

- Prospective association between cancer risk and an individual dietary index based on the British Food Standards Agency Nutrient Profiling System
Donnenfeld M, Julia C, Kesse-Guyot E, Méjean C, Ducrot P, Péneau S, et al.
British Journal of Nutrition 114, no 10 (2015) : 1702 10.


- The Nutrient Profile of Foods Consumed Using the British Food Standards Agency Nutrient Profiling System Is Associated with Metabolic Syndrome in the SU. VI. MAX Cohort
Julia C, Fézeu LK, Ducrot P, Méjean C, Péneau S, Touvier M, Hercberg S, Kesse-Guyot E.
The Journal of nutrition 145, no 10 (2015) : 2355 61.

- Prospective associations between a dietary index based on the British Food Standard Agency nutrient profiling system and 13-year weight gain in the SU. VI. MAX cohortJulia C, Ducrot P, Lassale C, Fézeu L, Méjean C, Péneau S, et al.
Preventive medicine 81 (2015) : 189 94.

3. Ability of the Nutri-Score to classify foods
adequately and consistency with dietary
recommendations-

- Performance and discriminatory capacity of Nutri-Score in branded foods in Greece.
Vlassopoulos A, Katidi A and Kapsokefalou M
Front. Nutr. 2022, 9:993238. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2022.993238

 – Dietary Intake Assessment of Pre-Packed Graviera Cheese in Greece and Nutritional Characterization Using the Nutri-Score Front of Pack Label Scheme
Katsouri E, Magriplis E, Zampelas A, Drosinos EH, Nychas GJ
Nutrients. 2021 Jan 20;13(2):295.

Performance of the Front-of-Pack Nutrition Label Nutri-Score to Discriminate the Nutritional Quality of Foods Products : A Comparative Study across 8 European Countries
Dréano-Trécant L, Egnell M, Hercberg S, Galan P, Soudon J, Fialon M, et al.
Nutrients 2020, 12(5), 1303

- Ability of the Nutri-Score front-of-pack nutrition label to discriminate the nutritional quality of foods in the German food market and consistency with nutritional recommendations
Szabo de Edelenyi F, Egnell M, Galan P, Druesne-Pecollo N, Hercberg S, Julia C
Archives of Public Health (2019)

Performance of a five category front-of-pack labelling system–the 5-colour nutrition label–to differentiate nutritional quality of breakfast cereals in France
Julia C, Kesse-Guyot E, Ducrot P, Péneau S, Touvier M, Méjean C, et al
BMC public health 15, no 1 (2015) : 179.

- Discriminating nutritional quality of foods using the 5-Color nutrition label in the French food market : consistency with nutritional recommendations
Julia C, Ducrot P, Péneau S, Deschamps V, Méjean C, Fézeu L, et al.
Nutrition journal 14, no 1 (2015) : 100.

Application of the British Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system in a French food composition database
Julia C, Kesse-Guyot E, Touvier M, Méjean C, Fezeu L, et Hercberg S.
British Journal of Nutrition 112, no 10 (2014) : 1699 1705.

- Ability of the front-of-pack nutrition label Nutri-Score to discriminate nutritional quality of food products in 13 European countries and consistency with nutritional recommendations
Szabo de Edelenyi F, Egnell M, Galan P, Hercberg S, Julia C
Rapport Technique de l’Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle -Université Paris 13, EREN, Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistiques, Inserm (U1153), Inra(U1125), Cnam, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, Département de Santé Publique, Hôpital Avicenne (AP-HP)

4. Association of the Nutri-Score with food consumption, nutrient intake and biomarkers of nutritional status at individual level

Cross-sectional comparisons of dietary indexes underlying nutrition labels: nutri-score, Canadian ‘high in’ labels and Diabetes Canada Clinical Practices (DCCP). 
Paper, L., Ahmed, M., Lee, J.J, Kesse-Guyot E, Touvier M, Hercberg S, Galan P, Salanave B, Verdot C, L’Abbé MR, Deschamps V, Julia C
Eur J Nutr (2022).

 Food Choice Under Five Front-of-Package Nutrition Label Conditions : An Experimental Study Across 12 Countries
Talati Z, Egnell M, Hercberg S, Julia C, Pettigrew S.
Am J Public Health. 2019 ;109(12):1770 5

- Validation of the FSA nutrient profiling system dietary index in French adults—findings from SUVIMAX study
Julia C, Méjean C, Touvier M, Péneau S, Lassale C, Ducrot P, et al.
European journal of nutrition 55, no 5 (2016) : 1901 10.

- The 5-CNL front-of-pack nutrition label appears an effective tool to achieve food substitutions towards healthier diets across dietary profiles
Julia C, Méjean C, Péneau S, Camille Buscail, Benjamin Alles, Fezeu L, Touvier M, Hercberg S, et Kesse-Guyot E.
PloS one 11, no 6 (2016) : e0157545.

- Development and Validation of an Individual Dietary Index Based on the British Food Standard Agency Nutrient Profiling System in a French Context
Julia C, Touvier M, Méjean C, Ducrot P, Péneau S, Hercberg S, et al.
The Journal of nutrition 144, no 12 (2014) : 2009 17.

- Score de qualité nutritionnelle des aliments de la Food Standards Agency appliqué aux consommations alimentaires individuelles des adultes en France
Deschamps V, Julia C, Salanave B, Verdot C, Hercberg S, Castetbon K.
BEH N° 24-25 – 7 juillet 2015

5. Studies on Nutri-Score perception, understanding and impact on declared food choices

Studies performed at international level

- An 18-country analysis of the effectiveness of five front-of-pack nutrition labels
Pettigrew S, Jongenelis M, Jones A, Hercberg S, Julia C
Food Quality and Preference, 2022, 104691, ISSN 0950-329

- Introducing the Front-Of-Pack Acceptance Model: the role of usefulness and ease of use in European consumers’ acceptance of Front-Of-Pack Labels.
Mazzù MF, Romani S, Baccelloni A, Lavini L.
Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2022 May;73(3):378-395

Experimental study of front-of-package nutrition labels’ efficacy on perceived healthfulness of sugar-sweetened beverages among youth in six countries.
Hock K, Acton RB, Jáuregui A, Vanderlee L, White CM, Hammond D.
Prev Med Rep. 2021 Sep 28;24:101577.

- Food Choice Under Five Front-of-Package Nutrition Label Conditions : An Experimental Study Across 12 Countries
Talati Z, Egnell M, Hercberg S, Julia C, Pettigrew S.
Am J Public Health. 2019 ;109(12):1770 5

- A cross-country experimental study on consumers’ subjective understanding and liking on front-of-pack nutrition labels
Mazzù MF, Romani S, Baccelloni A, Gambicorti A.
Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2021 Sep;72(6):833-847. doi: 10.1080/09637486.2021.1873918. Epub 2021
* Fundings and conflict of interest: This research received non-conditional funding from Federalimentare (Rome, Italy, http://www.federalimentare.it/), the Italian Federation of Food Industries

Objective understanding of the Nutri-score front-of-pack label by European consumers and its effect on food choices : an online experimental study
Egnell M, Talati Z, Galan P, Andreeva VA, Vandevijvere S, Gombaud M, et al.
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (2020)

– Consumers’ Perceptions of Five Front-of-Package Nutrition Labels : An Experimental Study Across 12 Countrie
Talati Z, Egnell M, Hercberg S, Julia C, Pettigrew S
Nutrients. 2019 Aug 16 ;11(8)

- Objective Understanding of Front-of-Package Nutrition Labels : An International Comparative Experimental Study across 12 Countries
Egnell M, Talati Z, Hercberg S, Pettigrew S, Julia C.
Nutrients 10, no 10 (2018) : 1542.

Studies performed at national level (by countries)

Argentina

Efficacy of different front-of-package labeling systems in changing purchase intention and product healthfulness perception for food products in Argentina.
Castronuovo L, Tiscornia MV, Guarnieri L, Martins E, Gomes FS, Allemandi L.
Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2022 Sep 26;46:e137.

Belgium

- Literacy and Its Associations with Understanding and Perception of Front-of-Package Nutrition Labels among Higher Education Students.
Hoge A, Labeye M, Donneau AF, Nekoee HZ, Husson E, Guillaume M.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jul 19;19(14):8751.

The impact of the Nutri-Score nutrition label on perceived healthiness and purchase intentions
Joyce De Temmerman, Eva Heeremans, Hendrik Slabbinck, Iris Vermeir
Appetite (2021) – 157:104995. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2020.104995. Epub 2020 Oct 15. PMID: 33068665.

- Nutri-Score and Nutrition Facts Panel through the Eyes of the Consumer : Correct Healthfulness Estimations Depend on Transparent Labels, Fixation Duration, and Product Equivocality
Saar Bossuyt, Kathleen Custers, José Tummers, Laura Verbeyst, Bert Oben
Nutrients 2021, 13(9), 2915

Consumers’ food choices, understanding and perceptions in response to different front-of-pack nutrition labelling systems in Belgium: results from an online experimental study.
Vandevijvere S, Vermote M, Egnell M, Galan P, Talati Z, Pettigrew S, Hercberg S, Julia C.
Arch Public Health. 2020 Apr 3;78:30.

Bulgaria

- Bulgarian consumers’ objective understanding of front-of-package nutrition labels : a comparative, randomized study
Andreeva VA, Egnell M, Handjieva-Darlenska T, Talati Z, Touvier M, Galan P, et al.
Archives of Public Health – 2020

China

– Types and Aspects of Front-of-Package Labeling Preferred by Parents: Insights for Policy Making in China.
Cui J, Yan R, Astell-Burt T, Gong E, Zheng L, Li X, Zhang J, Xiang L, Ye L, Hu Y, Tang Y, Gao C, Xiao L, Jiang Y, Shao R, Feng X, Zhang J, Yang Y.
Nutrients. 2022 Feb 14;14(4):800.
.

Colombia

- Impact of nutrient warning labels on choice of ultra-processed food and drinks high in sugar, sodium, and saturated fat in Colombia: A randomized controlled trial.
Mora-Plazas M, Aida Higgins IC, Gomez LF, Hall M, Parra MF, Bercholz M, Murukutla N, Taillie LS.
PLoS One. 2022 Feb 10;17(2):e0263324.

– The Effect of Randomly Providing Nutri-Score Information on Actual Purchases in Colombia
Mora-García CA, Tobar LF, Young JC.
Nutrients. 26 févr 2019 ;11(3)


France

– Awareness, Perception and Self-Reported Impact on Food Choices among French Adolescents.
Ducrot P, Julia C, Serry AJ. Nutri-Score:
Nutrients. 2022 Jul 29;14(15):3119

-Appropriation of the Front-of-Pack Nutrition Label Nutri-Score across the French Population: Evolution of Awareness, Support, and Purchasing Behaviors between 2018 and 2019.
Sarda, B.; Julia, C.; Serry, A.-J.; Ducrot, P.
Nutrients 2020, 12, 2887. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092887

- Objective understanding of Nutri-Score Front-Of-Package nutrition label according to individual characteristics of subjects : Comparisons with other format labels
Egnell M, Ducrot P, Touvier M, Allès B, Hercberg S, Kesse-Guyot E, et al.
PloS one 13, no 8 (2018) : e0202095.

- Perception of different formats of front-of-pack nutrition labels according to sociodemographic, lifestyle and dietary factors in a French population : cross-sectional study among the NutriNet-Santé cohort participants
Julia C, Péneau S, Buscail C, Gonzalez R, Touvier M, Hercberg S, et al.
BMJ open 7, no 6 (2017) : e016108.

- Perception de différents systèmes d’information nutritionnelle actuellement proposés en France en fonction du statut pondéral
Julia C, Péneau S, Buscail C, Touvier M, Kesse-Guyot E, et al.
Obésité 12, no 1 (2017) : 5 15.

- Effectiveness of front-of-pack nutrition labels in French adults : results from the NutriNet-Sante cohort study
Ducrot P, Méjean C, Julia C, Kesse-Guyot E, Touvier M, Fezeu L, et al.
PloS one 10, no 10 (2015) : e0140898.

- Objective understanding of front-of-package nutrition labels among nutritionally at-risk individuals
Ducrot P, Méjean C, Julia C, Kesse-Guyot E, Touvier M, Fezeu L, et al.
Nutrients 7, no 8 (2015) : 7106 25.

Association of perception of front-of-pack labels with dietary, lifestyle and health characteristics.
Méjean C, Macouillard P, Péneau S, Lassale C, Hercberg S, Castetbon K.
PLoS One. 2014 Mar 12;9(3):e90971.

Germany

- The influence of the Nutri-Score on the perceived healthiness of foods labelled with a nutrition claim of sugar.
Jürkenbeck K, Mehlhose C, Zühlsdorf A.
PLoS One17(8): e0272220.

-Toward a differentiated understanding of the effect of Nutri-Score nutrition labeling on healthier food choices
Gassler B, Faesel CK, Moeser A
Agribusiness, July 29th, 2022

- Comparison of front-of-pack labels to help German consumers understand the nutritional quality of food products. Colour-coded labels outperform all other systems
Egnell M, talati Z, Pettigrew S, Galan P, Hercberg S, Julia C (2019).
Ernhahrung Umschau, 2019, 66(5) : 76-84

Greece

–  Online Consumer Survey Comparing Different Front-of-Pack Labels in Greece
Kontopoulou, L. ; Karpetas, G. ; Fradelos, Ε.C. ; Papathanasiou, I.V. ; Malli, F. ; Papagiannis, D. ; Mantzaris, D. ; Fialon, M. ; Julia, C. ; Gourgoulianis, K.I.
Nutrients 2022, 14, 46.

Italy

- Nutri-Score and NutrInform Battery: Effects on Performance and Preference in Italian Consumers.
Fialon M, Serafini M, Galan P, Kesse-Guyot E, Touvier M, Deschasaux-Tanguy M, Sarda B, Hercberg S, Nabec L, Julia C.
Nutrients. 2022 Aug 26;14(17):3511. doi: 10.3390/nu14173511.

- Effects on consumers’ subjective understanding of a new front-of-pack nutritional label : a study on Italian consumers
Mazzù MF, Romani S, Gambicorti A.
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 2021 May;72(3):357-366
*This research received non-conditional funding from Federalimentare (Rome, Italy,
http://www.federalimentare.it/), the Italian Federation of Food Industries


Understanding of the Nutri-Score front-of-pack label by Italian Medical Professionals and its effect on food choices: a web-based study on knowledge, attitudes and practices.
Riccò M, Ranzieri S, Balzarini F, Vezzosi L, Marchesi F, Valente M, Peruzzi S.
Acta Biomed. 2022 May 11;93(2):e2022042.

- Effectiveness of Different Front-of-Pack Nutrition Labels among Italian Consumers : Results from an Online Randomized Controlled Trial
Fialon M, Egnell M, Talati Z, Galan P, Dréano-Trécant L, Touvier M, et al.
Nutrients (2020)

Morocco

- Comparison of appropriateness of Nutri-Score and other front-of-pack nutrition labels across a group of Moroccan consumers : awareness, understanding and food choices
Aguenaou H, El Ammari L, Bigdeli M, El Hajjab A, Lahmam H, Labzizi S, Gamih H, Talouizte A, Serbouti C, El Kari K, Benkirane H, El Berri H, Al-Jawaldeh A, Yahyane A.
Archives of public health-BMC (May 2021)

- Le logo nutritionnel Nutri-Score : un outil au service du consommateur marocain.
Aguenaou H, Julia C, El Hajjab A, Galan P, El Berri H, Brahimi M, Belkhadir J, Heikel J, Hercberg S.
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires 6, no 3 (2018).

Mexico

- Impact of different front-of-pack nutrition labels on foods according to their nutritional quality : a comparative study in Mexico
Hernández-Nava LG, Egnell M, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Córdova-Villalobos JÁ, Barriguete-Meléndez JA, Pettigrew S, et al.
Salud Publica Mex. oct 2019 ;61(5):609‑18

Poland

- Polish Consumers’ Understanding of Different Front-of-Package Food Labels: A Randomized Experiment.
Andreeva VA, Egnell M, Stoś K, Przygoda B, Talati Z, Touvier M, Galan P, Hercberg S, Pettigrew S, Julia C.
Foods. 2022 Jan 5;11(1):134. doi: 10.3390/foods11010134.

Portugal

- Nutri-Score : The Most Efficient Front-of-Pack Nutrition Label to Inform Portuguese Consumers on the Nutritional Quality of Foods and Help Them Identify Healthier Options in Purchasing Situations
Goiana-da-Silva, F. ; Cruz-e-Silva, D. ; Nobre-da-Costa, C. ; Nunes, A.M. ; Fialon, M. ; Egnell, M. ; Galan, P. ; Julia, C. ; Talati, Z. ; Pettigrew, S. ; Darzi, A. ; Araújo, F. ; Hercberg, S.
Nutrients 2021, 13, 4335. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13124335

Impact of different front-of-pack nutrition labels on online food choices.
Santos O, Alarcão V, Feteira-Santos R, Fernandes J, Virgolino A, Sena C, Vieira CP, Gregório MJ, Nogueira P, Graça P, Costa A.
Appetite. 2020 Nov 1;154:104795. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2020.104795.

- Nutri-Score : A Public Health Tool to Improve Eating Habits in Portugal
Goiana-Da-Silva F, Cruz-E-Silva D, Gregório MJ, Nunes AM, Calhau C, Hercberg S, Rito A, Bento A, Cruz D, Almeida F, Darzi A, Araújo F.
Acta Med Port 2019 Mar ;32(3):175-178

Singapore

- A Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating the Relative Effectiveness of the Multiple Traffic Light and Nutri-Score Front of Package Nutrition Labels
Finkelstein EA, Ang FJL, Doble B, Wong WHM, van Dam RM.
Nutrients. 17 sept 2019 ;11(9).

Slovenia

- Evaluation of the Ability of Nutri-Score to Discriminate the Nutritional Quality of Prepacked Foods Using a Sale-Weighting Approach
Hafner E, Pravst I.
Foods. 2021 Jul 22 ;10(8):1689. doi : 10.3390/foods10081689

- Effects on Consumers’ Subjective Understanding and Liking of Front-of-Pack Nutrition Labels : A Study on Slovenian and Dutch Consumers.
Baccelloni A, Giambarresi A, Mazzù MF.
Foods. 2021 Dec 1 ;10(12):2958. doi : 10.3390/foods10122958

South Africa

South African Consumer Perception of Five Front-of-Pack Label Formats
Hutton, T., Gresse A.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, 17 décembre 2020. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfecs/article/view/202378.

Objective understanding of five front-of-pack labels among consumers in Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa
Hutton T, Gresse A 
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition 35, no 3 (30 septembre 2022): 108‑14. https://doi.org/10.1080/16070658.2021.1991674

South Korea

- Effect of Nutri-Score  labeling on sales of food items in stores at sports and non-sports facilities.
Ahn C, Lee CG.
Prev Med Rep. 2022 Jul 21;29:101919.

Spain

- Is FOP Nutrition Label Nutri-Score Well Understood by Consumers When Comparing the Nutritional Quality of Added Fats, and Does It Negatively Impact the Image of Olive Oil?
Fialon M, Salas-Salvadó J, Babio N, Touvier M, Hercberg S, Galan P.
Foods. 2021 Sep 17;10(9):2209.
Conflict of interests: J.S.-S. declares that he is a non-payed member of International Danone Institute and member of the Institute of Danone, Spain. J.S.-S. and N.B. declare that their institution received funds from Danone SA for the purposes of scientific and technical consulting but not for conducting this study. The other authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Comprension de differentes etiquetados frontales en población española : Resultados deun estudio comparativo
Galan P, Egnell M, Salas-Salvadó J, Babio N, Pettigrew S, Hercberg S, Julia C.
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición, Volume 67, Issue 2, February 2020, Pages 122-129

- El logotipo nutricional NutriScore en los envases de los alimentos puede ser una herramienta útil para los consumidores españoles.
Galan P, Gonzalez R, Julia C, Hercberg S, Varela-Moreiras G, Aranceta-Bartrina J, Pérez-Rodrigo C et Serra-Majem L.
Rev Esp Nutr Comunitaria 23, no 2 (2017).

Switzerland

- Compared to other front-of-pack nutrition labels, the Nutri-Score emerged as the most efficient to inform Swiss consumers on the nutritional quality of food products
Egnell M, Galan P, Farpour-Lambert NJ, Talati Z, Pettigrew S, Hercberg S, et al.
Plos One (2020)

The Netherlands

Consumers’ Responses to Front-of-Pack Nutrition Labelling: Results from a Sample from The Netherlands.
Egnell M, Talati Z, Gombaud M, Galan P, Hercberg S, Pettigrew S, Julia C.
Nutrients. 2019 Aug 6;11(8):1817. doi: 10.3390/nu11081817. PMID: 31390835; PMCID: PMC6723811.


United Kingdom

Secondary Outcomes of a Front-of-Pack-Labelling Randomised Controlled Experiment in a Representative British Sample: Understanding, Ranking Speed and Perceptions
Packer J, Russell SJ, Ridout D, Conolly A, Jessop C, Viner RM, Croker H.
Nutrients. 2022 May 24;14(11):2188. doi: 10.3390/nu14112188.

- Assessing the Effectiveness of Front of Pack Labels : Findings from an Online Randomised-Controlled Experiment in a Representative British Sample
Jessica Packer, Simon J. Russell, Deborah Ridout, Steven Hope, Anne Conolly, Curtis Jessop, Oliver J. Robinson, Sandro T. Stoffel, Russell M. Viner, Helen Croker
Nutrients 2021

6. Impact of Nutri-Score on food purchases, nutritional quality of purchases and food consumption

- Impact of the Nutri-Score front-of-pack nutrition label on purchasing intentions of individuals with chronic diseases: results of a randomised trial.
Egnell M, Boutron I, Péneau S, Ducrot P, Touvier M, Galan P, Fezeu L, Porcher R, Ravaud P, Hercberg S, Kesse-Guyot E, Julia C.
BMJ Open. 2022 Aug 29;12(8):e058139. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-058139.

- The impact of the nutri-score on food choice : A choice experiment in a Dutch supermarket
Karolien van den Akker, Dimona Bartelet, Lotte Brouwer, Syrah Luijpers, Tobias Nap, Remco Havermans
Appetite 2022 Jan 1 ;168:105664. doi : 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105664. Epub 2021 Aug 25

- Effects of Digital Food Labels on Healthy Food Choices in Online Grocery Shopping.
Fuchs KL, Lian J, Michels L, Mayer S, Toniato E, Tiefenbeck V.
Nutrients. 2022 May 13;14(10):2044. doi: 10.3390/nu14102044.

- Randomised controlled trial in an experimental online supermarket testing the effects of front-of-pack nutrition labelling on food purchasing intentions in a low-income population
Egnell M, Boutron I, Péneau S, Ducrot P, Touvier M, Galan P, Buscail C, Porcher R, Ravaud P, Hercberg S, Kesse-Guyot E, Julia C.
BMJ Open. 2021 Feb 8 ;11(2):e041196. doi : 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041196.

- The use of food swaps to encourage healthier online food choices : a randomized controlled trial
Laura Jansen, Ellen van Kleef, Ellen J Van Loo
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2021 Dec 4 ;18(1):156. doi : 10.1186/s12966-021-01222-8

- The impact of the Nutri-Score front-of-pack nutrition label on purchasing intentions of unprocessed and processed foods : post-hoc analyses from three randomized controlled trials
Egnell M, Galan P, Fialon M, Touvier M, Péneau S, Kesse-Guyot E, Hercberg S, Julia C.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2021 Mar 17 ;18(1):38. doi : 10.1186/s12966-021-01108-9.

- The impact of shelf tags with Nutri-Score on consumer purchases : a difference-in-difference analysis of a natural experiment in supermarkets of a major retailer in Belgium
Stefanie Vandevijvere & Nicolas Berger
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 18, 150 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-021-01207-7

- The effects of a sugar-sweetened beverage tax and a nutrient profiling tax based on Nutri-Score on consumer food purchases in a virtual supermarket : a randomised controlled trial
Eykelenboom M, Olthof MR, van Stralen MM, Djojosoeparto SK, Poelman MP, Kamphuis CB, Vellinga RE, Waterlander WE, Renders CM, Steenhuis IH ; PEN Consortium.
Public Health Nutr. 2021 Nov 3:1-13.

- Impact of the Front-of-Pack Label Nutri-Score on the Nutritional Quality of Food Choices in a Quasi-Experimental Trial in Catering
Julia, C. ; Arnault, N. ; Agaësse, C. ; Fialon, M. ; Deschasaux-Tanguy, M. ; Andreeva, V.A. ; Fezeu, L.K. ; Kesse-Guyot, E. ; Touvier, M. ; Galan, P. ; Hercberg, S.
Nutrients 2021, 13, 4530. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13124530

- The Influence of Front-of-Package Nutrition Labeling on Consumer Behavior and Product Reformulation
Christina A Roberto, Shu Wen Ng, Montserrat Ganderats-Fuentes, David Hammond, Simon Barquera, Alejandra Jauregui, Lindsey Smith Taillie
Annu Rev Nutr. 2021 Oct 11;41:529-550

- Randomised controlled trial in an experimental online supermarket testing the effects of front-of-pack nutrition labelling on food purchasing intentions in a low-income population
Manon Egnell, Isabelle Boutron, Sandrine Péneau, Pauline Ducrot, Mathilde Touvier, Pilar Galan, Camille Buscail, Raphaël Porcher, Philippe Ravaud, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Chantal Julia
BMJ Open, 2021 Feb 8;11(2):e041196.

The effects of a sugar-sweetened beverage tax and a nutrient profiling tax based on Nutri-Score on consumer food purchases in a virtual supermarket: a randomised controlled trial.
Eykelenboom M, Olthof MR, van Stralen MM, Djojosoeparto SK, Poelman MP, Kamphuis CB, Vellinga RE, Waterlander WE, Renders CM, Steenhuis IH; PEN Consortium.
Public Health Nutr. 2022 Apr;25(4):1105-1117

- Effects of front-of-pack labels on the nutritional quality of supermarket food purchases : evidence from a large-scale randomized controlled trial
Dubois P, Albuquerque P, Allais O, Bonnet C, Bertail P, Combris P, et al.
Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science (2020)

- A Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating the Relative Effectiveness of the Multiple Traffic Light and Nutri-Score Front of Package Nutrition Labels
Eric A. Finkelstein, Felicia Jia Ler Ang, Brett Doble, Wei Han Melvin Wong, and Rob M. van Dam
Nutrients. 2019 Sep ; 11(9) : 2236

- Nutritional and economic impact of five alternative front-of-pack nutritional labels : experimental evidence
Crosetto P, Lacroix A, Muller L, Ruffieux B.
European Review of Agricultural Economics, 21 August 2019

- Front-of-Pack Labeling and the Nutritional Quality of Students’ Food Purchases : A 3-Arm Randomized Controlled Trial
Egnell M, Boutron I, Péneau S, Ducrot P, Touvier M, Galan P, et al.
Am J Publ Health 20 juin 2019

- Impact of Front-of-Pack Nutrition Labels on Portion Size Selection : An Experimental Study in a French Cohort
Egnell M, Kesse-Guyot E, Galan P, Touvier M, Rayner M, Jewell J, et al.
Nutrients 10, no 9 (2018) : 1268.

- Impact of a front-of-pack nutritional traffic-light label on the nutritional quality and the hedonic value of mid-afternoon snacks chosen by mother-child dyads
Poquet D, Ginon E, Goubel B, Chabanet C, Marette S, Issanchou S, et al.
Appetite. 01 2019 ;143:104425.

- Réponses des consommateurs à trois systèmes d’étiquetage nutritionnel face avant
Crosetto P, Muller L, Ruffieux B.
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique Vol 51 – N° 3 P. 124-131 – juin 2016 16/06/16

- Modification des achats alimentaires en réponse à cinq logos nutritionnels
Crosetto P, Lacroix A, Muller L, Ruffieux B.
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique Vol 52 – N° 3 P. 129-133 – juin 2017

- Impact of different front-of-pack nutrition labels on consumer purchasing intentions : a randomized controlled trial
Ducrot P, Julia C, Méjean C, Kesse-Guyot E, Touvier M, Fezeu LK, et al.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 50, no 5 (2016) : 627 36.

- Impact of the Front-of-Pack 5-Colour Nutrition Label (5-CNL) on the Nutritional Quality of Purchases : An Experimental Study
Julia C, Blanchet O, Méjean C, Péneau S, Ducrot P, Allès B, et al.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 13 (2016) : 101.

-  Evaluation ex ante de systèmes d’étiquetage nutritionnel graphique simplifié
Comité Scientifique de l’étude d’expérimentation.
Rapport final du comité scientifique. Paris, Ministère des Affaires sociales et de la Santé. Mars 2017

7. Nutri-Score and ultra-processing

- Classification and Chilean Front-of-Package Food Warning Labels.
Valenzuela A, Zambrano L, Velásquez R, Groff C, Apablaza T, Riffo C, Moldenhauer S, Brisso P, Leonario-Rodriguez M. Discrepancy between Food Classification Systems: Evaluation of Nutri-Score, NOVA
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Nov 8;19(22):14631. doi: 10.3390/ijerph192214631. PMID: 36429354.

Respective contribution of ultra-processing and nutritional quality of foods to the overall diet quality: results from the NutriNet-Santé study.
Julia C, Baudry J, Fialon M, Hercberg S, Galan P, Srour B, Andreeva VA, Touvier M, Kesse-Guyot E.
Eur J Nutr. 2022 Aug 4. doi: 10.1007/s00394-022-02970-4.

- Health impact of foods: Time to switch to a 3D-vision.
Touvier M, Srour B, Hercberg S, Galan P, Kesse-Guyot E, Julia C.
Front Nutr. 2022 Jul 18;9:966310. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2022.966310. eCollection 2022.

Ultra-Processed Foods in University Students: Implementing Nutri-Score to Make Healthy Choices.
Fondevila-Gascón JF, Berbel-Giménez G, Vidal-Portés E, Hurtado-Galarza K.
Healthcare (Basel). 2022 May 25;10(6):984.

- Two Dimensions of Nutritional Value : Nutri-Score and NOVA
Romero Ferreiro C, Lora Pablos D, Gómez de la Cámara A.
Nutrients. 2021 Aug 13 ;13(8):2783. doi : 10.3390/nu13082783

- Nutri-Score y ultra-procesamiento : dos dimensiones diferentes, complementarias y no contradictorias
Pilar Galán, Emmanuelle Kesse, Mathilde Touvier, Mélanie Deschasaux, Bérnard Srour, Edouard Chazelas, Julia Baudry, Morgane Fialon, Chantal Julia, Serge Hercberg
Nutricion Hospitalaria ,Vol 38, Num 1, enero-febrero (2021), PAG. 201-206

Nutritional Quality and Degree of Processing of Children’s Foods Assessment on the French Market.
Richonnet C, Mosser F, Favre E, Robert M, Martin F, Thiebaut I.
Nutrients. 2021 Dec 30;14(1):171.

8. Studies on lobbying against Nutri-Score

- Nutri-Score in tug-of-war between public health and economic interests in the European Union. 
 Julia, C., Touvier, M., Kesse-Guyot, E. Galan P, Hercberg S
Nat Food 3, 181 (2022), 2, 181.

Promoting public health in nutrition : Nutri-Score and the tug of war between public health and the food industry
Julia C, Charpak Y, Rusch E, Lecomte F, Lombrail P et Hercberg S.
The European Journal of Public Health 28, no 3 (2018) : 396 97.

- The policy dystopia model adapted to the food industry : the example of the Nutri-Score saga in France.
Mialon M, Julia C et Hercberg S.
World Nutrition 9, no 2 (2018) : 109 20.

- Big Food’s Opposition to the French Nutri-Score Front-of-Pack Labeling Warrants a Global Reaction
Julia C et Hercberg S.
American Journal of Public Health, 2018.

– Front-of-pack Nutri-Score labelling in France : an evidence-based policy
Julia C, Etilé F et Hercberg S.
The Lancet Public Health 3, no 4 (2018) : e164.

– Research and lobbying conflicting on the issue of a front-of-pack nutrition labelling in France.
Julia C et Hercberg S.
Archives of Public Health 74, no 1 (2016) : 51.

- La bataille de l’étiquetage nutritionnel.
Julia C et Hercberg S.
 Rev Prat 66, no 9 (2016) : 943 48.


– Actualización científica de Nutri-Score: mejoras para corregir algunas de sus limitaciones y garantizar una mayor coherencia con las recomendaciones nutricionales [Scientific update of Nutri-Score: improvements to correct some of its limitations and to ensure greater consistency with nutritional recommendations].
Galán P, Babio N, Salas Salvadó J. A
Nutr Hosp. 2022 Oct 25. Spanish. doi: 10.20960/nh.04455. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36285588.-

Front-of-pack nutrition labels: a- n equitable public health intervention.
Pettigrew S, Jongenelis MI, Hercberg S, Julia C.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2022 Sep 9. doi: 10.1038/s41430-022-01205-3.

- The Nutri-Score algorithm: Evaluation of its validation process.
Van der Bend DLM, van Eijsden M, van Roost MHI, de Graaf K, Roodenburg AJC.
Front Nutr. 2022 Aug 15;9:974003. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2022.974003. eCollection 2022
* Conflicts of Interest and funding: ME and MR were consultants to the Dutch Dairy Association and received financial support for conducting the literature search and writing the manuscript.

Relationship between front-of-pack labeling and nutritional characteristics of food products: An attempt of an analytical approach.
Martini D, Marangoni F, Banterle A, Donini LM, Riccardi G, Poli A, Pellegrini N.
Front Nutr. 2022 Aug 19;9:963592. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2022.963592. PMID: 36061903; PMCID: PMC9437431.

* Conflicts of interest and fundings: Open access publication fees are supported by Nutrition Foundation of Italy (NFI). Authors AP and FM are, respectively, President and Scientific Director at NFI, a non-profit organization partially supported by 18 food companies.

Uncovering the Effect of European Policy-Making Initiatives in Addressing Nutrition-Related Issues: A Systematic Literature Review and Bibliometric Analysis on Front-of-Pack Labels.
Mazzù MF, Baccelloni A, Finistauri P.
Nutrients. 2022 Aug 19;14(16):3423.

* Fundings: The research received non-conditional funding from Federalimentare
(Federalimentare represents the Italian food and beverages industry,)

Balanced Hybrid Nutrient Density Score Compared to Nutri-Score and Health Star Rating Using Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve Analyses.
Drewnowski A, Gonzalez TD, Rehm CD.
Front Nutr. 2022 May 2;9:867096. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2022.867096. PMID: 35586737; PMCID: PMC9108770.

* Conflicts of interest and fundings: TG and CR were salaried employees of PepsiCo, Inc. which funded this research. AD was the originator of the Nutrient Rich Food Index, an early NP model, and has received grants, contracts, and honoraria from entities both public and private with an interest in nutrient profiling and (re) formulation of foods. AD has served as consultant to PepsiCo, Inc. for this project.

- Are foods ‘healthy’ or ‘healthier’? Front-of-pack labelling and the concept of healthiness applied to foods.
Julia C, Fialon M, Galan P, Deschasaux-Tanguy M, Andreeva VA, Kesse-Guyot E, Touvier M, Hercberg S.
Br J Nutr. 2022 Mar 28;127(6):948-952. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001458. Epub 2021 May 5. PMID: 33947488

– Benchmarking the nutrition-related commitments and practices of major French food companies.
Van Dam I, Vandevijvere S
BMC Public Health. 2022 Jul 28;22(1):1435.

-   Estimating the environmental impacts of 57,000 food products
Clark M,  Springmann M, Rayner M, Scarborough P,  Hill J, Tilman D,  Macdiarmid JI,  Fanzo J,  Bandy L, Harrington RA
PNAS, August 8, 2022, 119 (33) e2120584119

– Front-of-pack (FOP) labelling systems, nutrition education, and obesity prevention: nutri-score and nutrinform battery need more research
 Carruba, M.O., Malavazos, A., Valerio, A. et al. 
Eat Weight Disord 27, 2265–2266 (2022).

Slight Adjustment of the Nutri-Score Nutrient Profiling System Could Help to Better Reflect the European Dietary Guidelines Regarding Nuts.
Braesco V, Ros E, Govindji A, Bianchi C, Becqueriaux L, Quick B. A
Nutrients. 2022 Jun 27;14(13):2668.

* Fundings and conflicts of interest: This research was funded by General Mills, Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition.V .B. and C.B. are employed by VAB-Nutrition, that received fees from General Mills, Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition for this study. E.R. reports research grants through his institution, personal fees, non-financial support and other from the California Walnut Commission; grants, personal fees, non-financial support and other from Alexion; personal fees and other from Amarin, outside the submitted work. A.G. received fees from General Mills UK, as part of the Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition for her contribution to this work and has previously worked with Kind (nut snack brand). B.Q. is employed by General Mills UK, as part of the Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition. L.B. is employed by General Mills FR, as part of the Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition.

Aligning nutrient profiling with dietary guidelines: modifying the Nutri-Score algorithm to include whole grains.
Kissock KR, Vieux F, Mathias KC, Drewnowski A, Seal CJ, Masset G, Smith J, Mejborn H, McKeown NM, Beck EJ.
Eur J Nutr. 2022 Feb;61(1):541-553.

* Conflicts of interest and funding: FV is employed by MS-Nutrition. AD has received grants, contracts, and honoraria from entities, both public and private, with an interest in nutrient density of foods, meals, and the total diet. GM is employed by Cereal Partners Worldwide. JS is employed by General Mills, Inc. NMM has received funding for investigator-initiated grants from General Mills Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition, received speaker honoraria from Cereal Partners Worldwide and General Mills, Inc., is a member of the working group of the Whole Grain Initiative, and serves as an unpaid scientific advisor on the Oldways Whole Grains Council. EJB has received funding for presentations on whole grain by Quaker Oats and General Mills, Inc., and research funding from Cereals Partners Worldwide. She is a member of the working group of the Whole Grain Initiative. CJS is retired and has no conflicts of interest to report; previously, he has received funding for investigator-initiated grants from Cereal Partners Worldwide and Kellogg’s, manufacturers of whole-grain breakfast cereals. He is a member of the European Healthgrain Forum and the Definitions Working Group of the Whole Grain Initiative. 

Aligning nutrient profiling with dietary guidelines : modifying the Nutri-Score algorithm to include whole grains
Katrina R Kissock, Florent Vieux, Kevin C Mathias, Adam Drewnowski, Chris J Seal, Gabriel Masset, Jessica Smith, Heddie Mejborn, Nicola M McKeown, Eleanor J BeckEur J Nutr . 2022 Feb ;61(1):541-553. doi : 10.1007/s00394-021-02718-6. Epub 2021 Nov 24
*FV is employed by MS-Nutrition. AD has received grants, contracts, and honoraria from entities, both public and private, with an interest in nutrient density of foods, meals, and the total diet. GM is employed by Cereal Partners Worldwide. JS is employed by General Mills, Inc. NMM has received funding for investigator-initiated grants from General Mills Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition, received speaker honoraria from Cereal Partners Worldwide and General Mills, Inc., is a member of the working group of the Whole Grain Initiative, and serves as an unpaid scientific advisor on the Oldways Whole Grains Council. EJB has received funding for presentations on whole grain by Quaker Oats and General Mills, Inc., and research funding from Cereals Partners Worldwide. She is a member of the working group of the Whole Grain Initiative. CJS is retired and has no conflicts of interest to report; previously, he has received funding for investigator-initiated grants from Cereal Partners Worldwide and Kellogg’s, manufacturers of whole-grain breakfast cereals. He is a member of the European Healthgrain Forum and the Definitions Working Group of the Whole Grain Initiative. All the other authors report no conflicts of interest.

Evaluation of Nutri-Score in Relation to Dietary Guidelines and Food Reformulation in The Netherlands.
Ter Borg S, Steenbergen E, Milder IEJ, Temme EHM.
Nutrients. 2021 Dec 17;13(12):4536.


Impact of color-coded and warning nutrition labelling schemes: A systematic review and network meta-analysis.
Song J, Brown MK, Tan M, MacGregor GA, Webster J, Campbell NRC, Trieu K, Ni Mhurchu C, Cobb LK, He FJ.
PLoS Med. 2021 Oct 5;18(10):e1003765

Assessment of price and nutritional quality of gluten-free products versus their analogues with gluten through the algorithm of the nutri-score front-of-package labeling system.
De Las Heras-Delgado S , Alías-Guerrero ALN , Cendra-Duarte E , Salas-Salvadó J , Vilchez E , Roger E , Hernández-Alonso P , Babio N .
Food Funct. 2021 May 21;12(10):4424-4433.

- Uptake of Nutri-Score during the firs year of implementation in Belgium.
Stefanie Vandevijvere

Arch Public Health. 2020 Oct 23 ;78:107. doi : 10.1186/s13690-020-00492-1.

- Nutritional Content, Labelling and Marketing of Breakfast Cereals on the Belgian Market and Their Reformulation in Anticipation of the Implementation of the Nutri-Score Front-Of-Pack Labelling System
Marie Vermote, Stephanie Bonnewyn, Christophe Matthys, Stefanie Vandevijvere
Nutrients 2020 Mar 25 ;12(4):884.doi : 10.3390/nu12040884

Les effets du Nutri-Score en France sur le consentement-à-payer des consommateurs à faible revenu.
Nabec L, Marette S, Durieux F
Décisions Mark. 19 déc 2019 ;96:69‑

Les effets d’alerte et de promotion des logos nutritionnels sur la face-avant des produits agroalimentaires.
Mérigot P & Nabec L (2016)
Décision Marketing 83, 29-48.

- Améliorer les comportements alimentaires avec l’étiquetage nutritionnel : vers un agenda de recherche au service du Bien-être des consommateurs.
Nabec L (2016)
Recherche et Applications en Marketing (French Edition) 32, 76-104
-

10. Narrative reviews and opinion papers on Nutri-Score

–  Front-of-pack labels: « Directive » versus « informative » approaches.
Donini LM, Berry EM, Folkvord F, Jansen L, Leroy F, Şimşek Ö, Fava F, Gobbetti M, Lenzi A.

Nutrition. 2022 Oct 15;105:111861. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2022.111861. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36401998.

* Opinion paper
On a non-remunerated basis, FL is a board member of various academic non-profit organizations including the Belgian Association for Meat Science and Technology (president), the Belgian Society for Food Microbiology (president), and the Belgian Nutrition Society, and has a seat in the scientific committee of the Institute Danone Belgium, the World Farmers’ Organization, the Advisory Commission for the “Protection of Geographic Denominations and Guaranteed Traditional Specialties for Agricultural Products and Foods” of the Ministry of the Brussels Capital Region, and a Scientific Advisory Committee of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. LMD is member of different boards of scientific societies dealing with eating behaviors and food science (Italian Society for the Study of Eating Disorders, Italian Society of Obesity; and the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism). The authors have no conflict of interests of interest to declare.

El etiquetado Nutri-Score ha mejorado mucho [Nutri-Score labeling has improved a lot].
Rodríguez Artalejo F, García Solano M.
Nutr Hosp. 2022 Oct 31. Spanish. doi: 10.20960/nh.04503. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36327117.

An Evaluation of the Nutri-Score System along the Reasoning for Scientific Substantiation of Health Claims in the EU-A Narrative Review.
Peters S, Verhagen H.
Foods. 2022 Aug 12;11(16):2426. doi: 10.3390/foods11162426.
* Fundings and conflict of interests: The financial support for this study comes from the Dutch Dairy Association, The Hague. Conflicts of Interest : S.P. is employed at the Dutch Dairy Association. H.V. is an independent consultant at Food Safety & Nutrition Consultancy (The Netherlands)

Are Front-of-Pack Labels a Health Policy Tool ?
Muzzioli L, Penzavecchia C, Donini LM, Pinto A.
Nutrients. 2022 Feb 11;14(4):771.
* Fundings: The paper was supported in part by NFI-Nutrition Foundation of Italy

(NFI is a non-profit organization partially supported by 18 food companies).

Comment on Muzzioli et al. Are Front-of-Pack Labels a Health Policy Tool?
Aguenaou H, Babio N, Deschasaux-Tanguy M, Galan P, Hercberg S, Julia C, Jones A, Karpetas G, Kelly B, Kesse-Guyot E, Kontopoulou L, Labonté ME, Ni Mhurchu C, Pravst I, Pettigrew S, Riboli E, Salas-Salvadó J, Srour B, Touvier M, Vandevijvere S.
Nutrients. 2022 May 23;14(10):2165.

Front-of-package food labels : A narrative review
Temple NJ.
Appetite. 2020 Jan 1 ;144:104485. doi : 10.1016/j.appet.2019.104485. Epub 2019 Oct 9


11. Official reports on Nutri-Score

(Only reports from official scientific institutions. Non exhaustive list)

– Front-of-pack nutrition labelling schemes: an update of the evidence
Nohlen, H., Bakogianni, I., Grammatikaki, E., Ciriolo, E., Pantazi, M., Alves Dias, J., Salesse, F., Moz Christofoletti, M., Wollgast, J., Bruns, H., Dessart, F.J., Marandola, G. and Van Bavel, R.,
JRC (Joint Research Center) Report. EUR 31153 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2022, ISBN 978-92-76-55032-7, doi:10.2760/932354, JRC130125. (september 2022)

Update of the Nutri-Score algorithm
Report from the Scientific Committee of the Nutri-Score (July 2022)

The Nutri-Score: A Science-Based Front-of-Pack Nutrition Label”.
A International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Evidence Summary Brief, titled “.
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) / WHO, 2021


Front-Of-Pack Nutrition Labelling:
A Position Statement of the European Academy of Paediatrics and the European Childhood Obesity Group (ECOG), 2021

Manual to develop and implement front-of-pack nutrition labelling  and annexe/appendix
WHO report (2020)

 Rapport du Parlement Europeen Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs (2019) : Food Labelling for Consumers EU Law, Regulation and Policy Options